Financing the future: fresh perspectives on global development

ODI Environment and Climate Change - Tue, 2015-03-17 00:00
How can international public finance meet the challenges of our new era? To set the stage for these debates, ODI and a global coalition of partners are hosting this conference in Accra, Ghana in March 2015.
Categories: Forestry News

Development Progress Special Event: Through the people’s lens

ODI Environment and Climate Change - Thu, 2015-02-26 00:00
​The Overseas Development Institute invites you to join an evening of lively discussion on shifting narratives and images of development progress.

With unprecedented access to technology, those at the grassroots can now tell their own stories direct to a world stage. How does this challenge perceptions of development? And what does this mean for the traditional story-tellers – journalists, photographers, film-makers and charities?

The evening will feature a keynote speaker and expert panel debate, with plenty of opportunity for guests to meet people from different disciplines, explore the exhibition, and enjoy complimentary drinks and nibbles inspired by the six countries that feature in the project.

All welcome. Admission free.

Categories: Forestry News

Development Progress Photography Exhibition: Through the people’s lens

ODI Environment and Climate Change - Mon, 2015-02-16 00:00
​Greater progress is being made today than at any other time in history, with poverty rates plummeting and striking advances across all areas of human development.

Meet those experiencing these changes first-hand.

This exhibition hosted at the Royal Geographical Society and in partnership with PhotoVoice showcases photographs and narratives by community memebers in China, Ethiopia, Ghana, Nepal, Peru and Tunisia who were supported by PhotoVoice to share their views on what's working and why.

Areas explored by local community members include education, maternal health, political voice, urban poverty, women’s empowerment, water management and renewable energy.

All welcome. Admission free.

Categories: Forestry News

Risking everything: vulnerabilities and opportunities in migration

ODI Environment and Climate Change - Fri, 2015-02-06 00:00
​​​Migration is one of the most effective ways of reducing global poverty. However, there are systemic features undermining its potential. This event, organised by the Secure Livelihoods Research Consortium (SLRC) and Migrating out of Poverty Consortium, explores  the risks and vulnerabilities that migrants face throughout the migration cycle – from pre-departure to the transit phase to employment in the new workplace – with a specific focus on Nepalese migration.
Categories: Forestry News

Another humanitarian crisis in Somalia? Learning from the 2011 famine

ODI Environment and Climate Change - Thu, 2015-01-29 00:00
​What lessons have we learnt from the famine in Somalia? This event will launch a new report that examines the international response to the famine in 2011 and lessons learnt on how to prevent and mitigate a similar crisis.

Categories: Forestry News

Achieving security progress in post-conflict contexts

ODI Environment and Climate Change - Tue, 2015-01-27 00:00
​In both Liberia and Timor-Leste significant progress has been made over the last decade in reducing armed conflict and political violence. This event will present research from case studies on the two countries followed by a panel discussion of how security progress can be achieved in fragile settings.
Categories: Forestry News

Security sector stabilisation

ODI Environment and Climate Change - Wed, 2015-01-21 00:00
​A core challenge for the security and justice sectors in fragile and conflict-affected states is how to both enhance security and make political progress in contexts where the capability and legitimacy of the political authority is lacking and where the environment is characterised by turbulent politics, persistent political violence and weak organisational and institutional capacity. This seminar will explore the UK Stabilisation Unit's Security Sector Stabillisation approach. 
Categories: Forestry News

Putting people first: lessons on accountability to affected populations from Typhoon Haiyan

ODI Environment and Climate Change - Tue, 2015-01-20 00:00

Join us for the launch of the Humanitarian Exchange on Typhoon Haiyan, where we’ll hear about ways to build a culture of accountability to affected populations, enhance two-way communications with communities and ensure that early-warning systems are communicated effectively to those most at risk.

Categories: Forestry News

What is the future of official statistics in the Big Data era?

ODI Environment and Climate Change - Mon, 2015-01-19 00:00
​Digital data are increasingly changing the shape of our world. At the same time, attention is also being paid to the woeful state of development data – we know the least about those who are most lacking, and people often lack the information and capacities they need to bring about change. Unsurprisingly this has led to a focus on how we can harness the potential of the new and rapidly evolving digital landscape to meet some of these acute data gaps, and more profoundly, to improve policymaking and citizen empowerment. But while some insist that Big Data may provide an opportunity to ‘leapfrog’ statistical systems in developing countries, others argue that Big Data is largely Big Hype, and that traditional statistical concerns and methods limit its applications for official statistics. And new concerns altogether are emerging including around privacy and ownership of personal data.
Categories: Forestry News

Development entrepreneurship: how donors and leaders can foster institutional change

ODI Environment and Climate Change - Fri, 2014-12-19 00:00
Various communities of practice have been established recently to advance the general idea of thinking and working politically in development agencies. This paper makes a contribution by describing the practice of what has been called development entrepreneurship and explaining some of the ideas from outside the field of development that have inspired it.
Categories: Forestry News

Community policing through bicycle patrolling in Sri Lanka: an incipient post-conflict strategy

ODI Environment and Climate Change - Fri, 2014-12-19 00:00
This document presents select findings from a case study on the role of bicycle patrolling within the broader context of community policing in Sri Lanka, and how it has developed, its objectives, effects and ongoing challenges
Categories: Forestry News

Our verdict on the Lima climate talks – and what needs to happen now

ODI Environment and Climate Change - Fri, 2014-12-19 00:00
'After the Lima climate talks concluded last week, it was roundly agreed that they represented a small – though vital – step forward. Even though progress is slow and painful, it will be worthwhile if it ultimately brings us to a strong, workable agreement in December 2015.'
Categories: Forestry News

After Lima, clarity on climate finance remains elusive

ODI Environment and Climate Change - Fri, 2014-12-19 00:00
Long term finance to help developing countries respond to climate change proved hugely contentious and difficult at this month’s climate talks in Lima. Despite some positive developments, a clear decision on climate finance at the Paris conference in December 2015 remains some way off.
Categories: Forestry News

Correlates of child mortality in Pakistan: a hazards model analysis

Eldis News - Thu, 2014-12-18 21:10

Various studies indicate that mortality in Pakistan declined sharply in the early half of this century and the decline continued until the 1960s. Since then there has been a levelling-off in mortality, apparent in estimates of the crude death rate as well as in the infant mortality rate. According to estimates, the crude death rate stalled at a high level of 12 per 1000 population, and infant mortality rate at an unacceptably high level of 106 per 1000 live births (Sathar, 1985; UNICEF, 1991). Statistics available for 1989 showed that infant and childhood deaths constitute almost three-fourths of the total deaths in the country leading to an under-5 mortality rate of 162 per 1000 live births (UNICEF, 1991).

In view of the dearth of in-depth analysis on child mortality in Pakistan, this study is specifically conducted to

  • identify some of the major covariates of child mortality amongst children less than five years
  • evolve some of the processes and the underlying mechanisms through which a relationship is established between child mortality and its covariates

The basic purpose is to elucidate the ‘cause and effect' relationship for any optimal policy direction and thereafter, effective implementation of the policies formulated.

The analysis of the data, based on both statistical and observational methods, reveals that:

  • sustained high level of child mortality is related to high fertility and other related factors
  • the most significant variable correlated with child survival was the number of children ever borne
  • demographic variables like the mother’s age at birth, order of birth and birth interval between the preceding and the succeeding child constitute some of the important associates of child mortality
  • culturally specified norms of early marriage and non-use of contraception favour larger family size
  • all the three variables included in the study to measure the household’s hygienic environment were independently significantly associated with child mortality
  • the homes of the educated scored better than those of the uneducated

As a matter of national policy, the study recommends that the government of Pakistan:

  • redress its Family Planning Programme which was initiated more than 30 years ago but has been unable to achieve the objective of lowering the population growth rate to a manageable size
  • in an attempt to bring about a demographic change, take into account the social significance of female literacy and education (the lowest even when compared to the South-Asian countries) which, as this study suggests, is central to lowering fertility, mortality and morbidity and acts as an agent of change in every sphere of life
Categories: Forestry News

Language, knowledge and inequality

Eldis News - Thu, 2014-12-18 20:40

The invention of writing created grounds for sustaining a new hierarchy: that between the illiterate and the literate. Literacy also made the keeping of permanent records possible and so extended control over people. Since it also created bodies of knowledge, it also extended human control over nature. Thus, the written word made more systematic and thorough exploitation of human beings and nature possible and legitimised them in the name of merit, technical expertise and science.

The standardisation of a variety of a language was a political act which devalued all the other varieties and their speakers. Those who used only the non-standard varieties – dialects, `restricted codes’, such as working class people use, or indigenous languages in ex-colonies English (had limited and more difficult access to positions of power, affluence and prestige). Thus, despite having broken old hierarchies and giving power to some low-status people, linguistic practices really served to rationalise and maintain inequalities. Above all, since science is created in Western languages it does not transcend the Western world view. When this `science’ regards all other knowledge-systems as unscientific and hence `unreasonable’, it rationalizes intervention in the lives of human beings by placing them outside the very pale of humanity.

[Summary adapted from author]

Categories: Forestry News

PUBLICATION: 2014 World Survey on the Role of Women in Development

The World Survey on the Role of Women in Development is a UN Secretary-General report mandated by the Second Committee of the General Assembly and comes out every five years. The 2014 report focuses on gender equality and sustainable development, with chapters on the green economy and care work, food security, population dynamics, and investments for gender-responsive sustainable development. The report comes at a crucial moment, as the global community grapples with the definition of the Sustainable Development Goals and the emergence of the post-2015 framework. Against this context, World Survey 2014 asserts the central role of gender equality in charting the rationale and the actions necessary to achieve sustainable development. The World Survey uses three criteria to assess whether policy actions and investments for sustainable development adequately address gender equality. Do they support women's capabilities and their enjoyment of rights? Do they reduce, rather than increase, women's unpaid care work? And do they embrace women's equal and meaningful participation as actors, leaders and decision-makers? It offers a comprehensive set of recommendations for gender-responsive policy actions and investments towards sustainable development overall, as well as for the selected areas which the World Survey emphasizes.  The full report is available here.

Categories: Forestry News

Socio-environmental and behavioural correlates of child morbidity in Pakistan

Eldis News - Thu, 2014-12-18 15:37

Empirical evidence to determine the health status of children aged less than five years was gathered from an area in Rawalpindi, one of the large cities of Pakistan. Of the total 1301 children ever born to 341 ever married women aged 15-39, morbidity data was limited to the cohort of 616 children who were below the age of five at the time of the survey conducted in the first half of 1992. Two separate variables, diarrhoea and fever, were used as dependent variables to measure the overall incidence of gastro-intestinal and respiratory infections and to ascertain the pattern of morbidity.

In investigating the reasons for high levels of morbidity amongst children less than five years in Pakistan, this study aims at:

  • determining the overall level of disease incidence, especially of gastro-intestinal and respiratory infections in the study area
  • identifying some of the major covariates of child morbidity
  • to tease out some of the mechanisms whereby a relationship is established between these illnesses and its covariates.

The results of this study suggest that there is variation in child morbidity within societies even when socio-environmental and economic conditions are held constant. This is amply demonstrated from the evidence that there was familial clustering of morbidity as a result of exposure to similar household environmental conditions and maternal child caring and rearing abilities. That child health was strongly associated with differing health beliefs and attitudes of the mothers in times of good health and sickness.

In teasing out the differences in attitudes and practices, this study finds that the factor which explains differences in the behaviour leading to a differential is the role of maternal education. The study clearly demonstrates that formal education exposes women to health and other sources of knowledge and enhances their ability to make better use of the facilities which were equally accessible to the entire study population.

Categories: Forestry News

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