The frameworks to be agreed in 2015 must work together to this end. But how can climate and poverty agendas be best connected?
The 2014 CAPE conference: Does money matter? The role of finance in supporting the Sustainable Development Goals
Will money matter for the future of development? When much of the wider discourse is focused on how to raise more money, the 2014 CAPE conference will ask what sort of difference that money can make in practice.
Do aid workers risk violating counter-terrorism laws to reach people who need humanitarian support? Join us for the launch of the Network Paper 79, Counter-terrorism laws and regulations: what aid agencies need to know, to discuss the challenges that counter-terrorist legislation poses for the delivery of humanitarian aid.
Olaf Unteroberdoerster, Deputy Chief, Low Income Countries Division, in the IMF’s Strategy, Policy, and Review Department and Marialuz Moreno Badia, Deputy Division Chief at the Fiscal Affairs Department present the 2014 report 'Macroeconomic Developments in Low-Income Developing Countries'.
On 23 October 1984, the BBC aired a landmark report on the famine in Ethiopia. Describing the crisis as a ‘biblical famine’, the report galvanised the public, spurred the UK government into action and prompted the creation of the infamous Live Aid concert. Join us at The Frontline Club as we examine the current state of conflict and disaster reporting and how humanitarian agencies can work with the media to raise awareness and much-needed funds.
The 2015 international conference will pay particular attention to emerging areas that have gained in momentum due to processes of globalization, the emergence of ‘knowledge economies’, and the evolution of high-tech capitalism. Not surprisingly, debates and evolving policies on information technology, biotechnology, genetic engineering and intellectual property rights are forced to deal with issues of legal pluralism, perceiving the danger that high-technology regimes may further exacerbate socio-economic inequalities and further marginalize the already disadvantaged, especially in developing societies and ‘emerging economies’. The conference will also address established themes that continue to cause significant concern, such as conflicts and contestations over property, land and natural resources; governance; religion, culture, custom and ethnicity; state and non-state laws; gender; kinship; patriarchy; human rights; development aid and cooperation; as well as migration; mobility; and transnationalism, while exploring how emerging and ‘old’ themes in the field of legal pluralism relate to each other in theory and practice.
The conference organizers invite scholars and practitioners to present contemporary work on these and related themes to the 2015 Conference. It is hoped that this event will offer a dynamic and vibrant space for a further expansion of such perspectives in debating issues and problems of legal pluralism.
Call for panel proposals
We request interested parties to submit proposals for panels in the 2015 Mumbai conference. The panels proposed may be partly or fully ‘populated’ (including names of at least 3-4 presenters and titles of papers per panel) or ‘empty’ (without names of paper presenters). A proposal should include (a) a title (max 10 words), (b) name of panel organizer, (c) email address of panel organizer, and (d) a panel description of not more than 200 words. If the panel is populated, the proposal should also have (e) a list of presenters and – preferably – the titles of their papers or contributions.
Please send your proposals for panel and roundtable discussions to Waheeda Amien (Waheeda.Amien@uct.ac.za) and D. Parthasarathy (email@example.com) by no later than November 30th, 2014.
PUBLICATION: Climate-Smart Agriculture and Resource Tenure in sub-Saharan Africa: A conceptual framework
Though many studies document the positive impacts of various climate-smart agricultural (CSA) practices on crop yields, adoption of such practices remains limited in many areas in sub-Saharan Africa. A number of barriers to adoption have been identified, with many researchers noting the importance of property rights systems and tenure insecurity in particular. Nonetheless, few papers document the pathways by which current property rights and tenure security affect the adoption of CSA, or how altering either the bundle of property rights or the degree of tenure security over each piece of the bundle can lead to increased adoption of CSA. In this paper, we first discuss key characteristics of four CSA practices related to sustainable land management. We then lay out a conceptual framework for evaluating the pathways by which expanding property rights and strengthening tenure security affects incentives to adopt technologies broadly, and then apply the framework to each of the four CSA practices.
The paper, by Nancy McCarthy and Josh Brubaker, is available here: http://www.fao.org/3/a-i3982e.pdf
While the role of secure property rights contributing to sustainable natural resource management is increasingly recognized, translating that into practice is more challenging, especially in developing countries. This article presents a framework for understanding the role of property rights for effective irrigation systems and then explores the complexity of property rights to land, water, and infrastructure and their underlying institutions. Understanding property rights in practice requires acknowledging legal pluralism—the coexistence of many types and sources of law, which can be used as the basis for claiming rights over the resources. Property rights do not necessarily imply full ownership, but are composed of different bundles of rights that may be held by different claimants—the state, user groups, families, or individuals. These rights are critical for the authority, incentives, and resources for irrigation operation and maintenance. As resources become more scarce, property rights systems need to adapt to reduce conflict and provide incentives for saving water. However, efforts to improve irrigation by changing property rights systems have often failed because they have not recognized the difficulty of transplanting property rights systems from one place to another. Institutional change needs to be seen as an organic process,building on existing norms and practices, rather than as an exercise in social engineering.
This paper, by Ruth Meinzen-Dick, is available here: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.agwat.2014.03.017
PUBLICATIONS: Journal of Peasant Studies Special Edition on food sovereignty and agrarian transformations (free access)
GLOBAL AGRARIAN TRANSFORMATIONS
New directions in agrarian political economy, volume 41, issue no. 5: http://www.tandfonline.com/r/fjps-41-5
Critical erspectives on food sovereignty, volume 41, issue no.6: http://www.tandfonline.com/r/fjps-41-6
Households face many collective action situations, with members working together to produce livelihoods and allocate goods. But neither unitary nor bargaining models of the household provide frameworks to analyze the conditions under which households work collectively and when they fail to do so. Drawing on the Institutional Analysis and Development Framework based in the natural resource management literature, this paper explores the factors that encourage and inhibit collective action and provides insights into how to understand collective action problems within the household as dynamic, multi-actor situations with outcomes that can be evaluated by multiple criteria, not just efficiency. Comparison with the household literature also points to areas to strengthen the resource management literature through greater emphasis on human capital issues, including gender, health, and education.
This CAPRi Working Paper, by Cheryl Doss and Ruth Meinzen-Dick, is available here: http://ebrary.ifpri.org/cdm/ref/collection/p15738coll2/id/128370. We are in the process of setting up a new CAPRi website and will add the link to the working papers there, when possible as well.
The University of Georgia is pleased to announce that we are accepting applications for Fall 2015 for our Integrative Conservation (ICON) doctoral program. Funded assistantships are available to outstanding students. The ICON Ph.D. program is open to students applying to one of four "home departments" including the Warnell School of Forestry & Natural Resources (http://www.warnell.uga.edu), the Odum School of Ecology (http://www.ecology.uga.edu), the Department of Anthropology (http://anthropology.uga.edu/), and the Department of Geography (http://geography.uga.edu/).
With the current rate of global change, conservation and management of our natural resources needs to adapt to a complex set of challenges. Responding effectively to these challenges requires both disciplinary expertise and agility to work across disciplines. The University of Georgia's ICON Ph.D. program is designed to meet that need by ensuring that students gain disciplinary depth while also learning to collaborate across fields of practice by engaging faculty from the natural and social sciences to train students in an integrative and holistic way.
At the same time, this program strives to move beyond the paradigm of interdisciplinarity by reaching outside of academia to bring together academics and practitioners. Through internships and collaborative research, students will interact with professionals engaged in management and conservation as partners and colleagues. These experiences, along with training modules led by communications experts, will ensure that students learn to communicate effectively and strategically with those from other backgrounds and disciplines as well as with lay audiences.
For more information, please contact Nik Heynen, ICON Program Director & Graduate Coordinator (firstname.lastname@example.org), at the Center for Integrative Conservation Research (CICR) at the University of Georgia or visit the ICON website: http://icon.uga.edu/.