|Title||Factors inﬂuencing the management regime of Nepal's community forestry|
|Publication Type||Journal Article|
|Year of Publication||2011|
|Authors||Pokharel, R. K.|
|Journal||Forest Policy and Economic|
|Keywords||Community forest management regime, community forestry, Nepal, Pro-poor CFUGs|
Nepal is one of the ﬁrst developing countries to adopt community forest management which gives authority to forest user groups to manage forest resources. Over one quarter of Nepal's forests is under community forest management. This study aims to examine whether management regime adopted by the Community Forest User Groups (CFUGs) is pro-poor and also what factors inﬂuence the management regime of Nepal's community forestry. The study relies on primary data from 100 CFUGs of three different mid-hill districts of Nepal. A set of questionnaire was developed and administered to a small group of 100 CFUGs. The CFUGs adopt rigid and less rigid regimes to manage the community forests. The CFUGs tend to favor poor by adopting less rigid management regime. The age of CFUGs, number of households using community forests, and percent of sal tree species composition in the forests tends to inﬂuence the management regime of CFUGs. A higher age of CFUGs, higher number of households and lower percentage of sal in the forests are likely to increase the CFUGs adopting rigid regime to manage the community forests.