This species is confined in Nepal to the area east of the Tamur River, between 2100 and 2800 m.
The fruit ripens about November and there are about 350 seeds kg-1. They are often damaged by insects, and hence the the number of plants per hundred seeds tends to be low (about six per cent; Suri and Seth, 1959).
The tree takes about 20 years to reach a height of 12 m and a diameter of 15 cm, and the mean annual yield of fuelwood is estimated to be between 1.8 and 2.7 t ha-1.
The wood weighs about 800 kg m-3 and in the Darjeeling area is used for planking, palings and shingles. The bark and fruit are astringent and are used medicinally (Department of Medicinal Plants, 1970).