Nepal has a long history of returning public forests to local people as part of its community forestry programme. In principle the community forestry programme is designed to address both environmental quality and poverty alleviation.
Indigenous Tea (Camellia sinensis) Farming in Ilam district: Viable source of sustainable livelihood in the eastern hills of Nepal
About 5.4% of total cultivated land is occupied by indigenous agroforestry practices with tea in Ilam (one of the eastern regions of Himalayan country, Nepal). Tea is taken as self-dependent cash crop in agroforestry practice in Ilam and is found as the most important example of the long term sustainable farming.
Climate change is contemporary global threat to the animal world. Green house gases are resulting global warming which is creating different impacts in the world. Because of human activities green house gases are increasing. Nepal's temperature is increasing at an alarming rate.
About fifty literatures published during 1980 to date were reviewed for the common property resources, CPRs, especially pasturelands. They were categorized in three aspects viz. linkages, livelihood and share of income, and effect on CPRs and role of CPRs. It was analyzed for their linkages, the strong and the weak linkages were identified. A framework of the linkages was developed.