Sal (Shorea robusta) is a dominant tree species in the terai (southern flat lowland) of Nepal. It is common up to 1000 m. Sal is a deciduous species and attains height up to 45 m. It is the main source building timber and also used as fuelwood and fodder (Jackson, 1994).
Sal is a dominant tree species in the community forest of Terai. Sal forests occur at elevations up to 1500 m above sea level. With respect to its silvicultural characteristics, Sal has been described as the most gregarious and aggressive tree species of the forest (Troup 1921 cited in Sapkota et. al. 2009).
Forest Management: An Improvement of Forest Condition and Economic Development (An example of Karri CF, Dang)
Introduction: Sal Forest is mixed with other associate species. Forest condition was good in terms of growing stock, with over matured and deformed trees of undesirable species. There was gap in different diameter classincluding regeneration of Sal species. Forest was dominated by Mallotus and Lagestromia (shadebearer) species that causes in changing forest composition from Sal to undesirable other shade bearerspecies. The objective of CF management is set by FUG i.e. production of good quality Sal timber.
Species diversity and regeneration of old-growth seasonally dry Shorea robusta forests following gap formation
Aims: We aim to examine the canopy gap characteristics and evaluate their influence on regeneration, dominance and the early growth of woody species in seasonally dry Shorea robusta forests (Sal forests).
Spatial distribution, advanced regeneration and stand structure of Nepalese Sal (Shorea robusta) forests subject to disturbances of different intensities
We investigated the spatial distribution, advanced regeneration and stand structure of five Shorea robusta-dominated forests in 25 1-ha plots subject to disturbances of different intensities. We aim to elucidate the relationships of advanced regeneration and spatial patterns of the tree species with degree of disturbance magnitude.