Nearly 3,500 wild tigers (Panthera tigris Linnaeus 1758) occur in Nepal as well as 12 other range countries in Asia. In Nepal, they are restricted in isolated Chitwan - Parsa, Bardia - Khata and Suklaphanta populations in a land base of about 4,700 km2 of National Park, buffer zone and corridor forests where the prey densities are still high in few Protected Areas (PAs).
Public Land Management: A viable option to create Forestry and Livelihoods Opportunities in southern Terai communities of Nepal
Public lands are common lands which are mostly under the jurisdiction of local government as per the local self governance act 1999. Though, use of such public lands is not new in Nepal, community based management initiatives of such public land is an innovation in Nepal's Terai.
Sal is a dominant tree species in the community forest of Terai. Sal forests occur at elevations up to 1500 m above sea level. With respect to its silvicultural characteristics, Sal has been described as the most gregarious and aggressive tree species of the forest (Troup 1921 cited in Sapkota et. al. 2009).