Time Change Function
Before 1927 No administrative Forest Offices Distribution of Lands for Farming
1927 Establishment of Kathmahal To supply Railway sleepers To India.
1939 Establishment of” Eastern Wing and Western Wing” To manage the supply of sleepers to India and collection of Revenue.
1942 Establishment of DFO with “3 circles and 12 Banjanch” To control and manage the forest administration
1951 Establishment of 2 circles and 44 Ranges covering the Terai areas.
Establishment of IOF
To control and manage the forest administration in Terai.
Production of Skilled manpower inside the country
1957 Nationalization of Forests.


1959 Establishment of Ministry of Forest (MOF) To cover forest activities nationwide.
1960 MOF was abandoned (lack of staff). CCF office was established with 7 circles and 22 Divisions. To collect revenue to the country.
External assistance started.


Establishment of TCN

To utilize timber from resettlement areas.
Protection oriented laws were enabled (1961,1967,1970), power to forest staff, women became users, corruption.
1962 Working plans were prepared for some Terai districts. To start planning processes in forest activities.


Establishment of “Fuelwood Corporation.”


To supply fuelwood to Katmandu.


1967 Formulation of especial Forest protection act To enable the forest conservation & protection activities.
DFO became policing and Lawyer.


1968 Establishment of 14 circles and 75 DFOs (but failed due to lack of trained manpower.)
Establishment of 7 circles, 22 divisions and “Pradhan Ban Karyala”.
To coincide with other administrative structures.
To strengthen the organization with available manpower.
1970 Formulation of Forest production rules. To restrict, control and collect the revenue.
1976 Publish of National Forestry Plan.
(9 circles and 40 Divisions covering 75 districts).
To implement the forestry activities nationwide on a planned basis.
1978  Promulgation of Community Forestry Rules To involve the local people in the management of Forest.
1982 Decentralization Act. To empower the local level administration.
1983-88 Establishment of 5 Regional Directorates (MFSC) and 75 DFO offices. To match with decentralization Act.
1989 Master Plan For Forestry sector was made.  To improve the policy of Forestry sector.
1993 5 Regional Directorates (MFSC) and 74 DFOS.
Huge reduction in central organization.
To reduce central control.
But reduce whole forestry programs.


1993 New Forest Act. To handover the national forest to the adjoining forest users for accountable management.
1995 Forest Bylaws  To launch the forest management programs according to the Forest act 1993.
Complete power to Forest user group for decision-making.
HMG stood as the facilitator in CF programs.


Forest Bylaws

To launch the forest management programs according to the Forest act 1993.
Complete power to Forest user group for decision-making but legal provision to contribute 40% of CF income as the government treasure.


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