In the days before the US Inauguration of President Biden, Mexican soldiers inspecting the large Suchiate River Bank found few immigrants from Guatemala in the midst of trade traffic.
As per one Reuters photographer as well as other witnesses, the probable reason lay hundreds of kilometers south where Guatemala-based securities are beating one of the most immense migration caravans ever built.
“We’re afraid,” Honduran migrant Rosa Alvarez said by cellphone to the journalist as she crowded the surrounding hills with several others.
This operation, led by previous US administrations and under former President Trump, was part of a United States campaign to bring stress on Mexican and later Centro American governments to stop immigration far beyond the U.S. border.
As per six Mexican and U.S. outlets with experience of diplomatic negotiations, the same general policy will possibly proceed underneath the Biden administration.
Biden is unraveling several immigration laws from the Trump period steadily. However, two Mexican authorities and the US officer, both speaking under the condition of anonymity, have urged Guatemala and Mexico to catch pace border control in their countries to avoid immigration to the north.
Diplomats and immigration think tank specialists advised Reuters that perhaps the government of Biden is politically expedient to prevent asylum seekers and other migrants from trekking massively to the southern border of the country, particularly because the Mexico-United States coronavirus pandemic is ravaging and attempting to curb the spreading of the pandemic.
They also claimed that any move to the US border might give Biden’s political opponents leverage onto his resettlement policy to reduce the backlog of the visa application and also include a route to nationality for migrants already within the United States.
However, the government of Biden did not expressly support militarized intervention and has promised to handle migrants with respect.
The former US representative, who already spoke anonymously, said, ‘they would like the related countries to have effective border controls’ ” “It really doesn’t imply that they hold everybody back and beat away migrants. That was not the purpose here.”
A Special Assistant for the South-West Front Speaker Roberta Jacobson, responding to the latest public statements made by Reuters, refused to comment.
At such a recent appeal, Jacobson told journalists that perhaps the administration did not directly speak to Mexico more about the way its armed forces are deployed on their own territory. Speaking of the need to work together on migration management, she said, nevertheless, that perhaps the diplomats of the two nations, Andrés Manuel Obrador, President of Mexico and Biden, had talked. She highlighted how important it is to fix the problems of corruption and poverty.
Latest assistance to the US for immigration reform far south of the US border was demonstrated by the two other administrative officers, including Juan Gonzalez, President’s chief advisor on Latin American political issues.
Gonzalez told El Faro after the January crisis on its El Salvador investigation website, “I have to recognize here, so the work which President Giammattei has achieved in controlling the migration flows whenever the caravans began out,”
A senior Mexican representative stated that speaking on condition of anonymity, the new US Administration has also been told of its intentions to keep existing immigration compliance policies in effect since it is in Mexico’s sovereign interests to protect its own borders.
The leading republican senators who suspect his administration of disrupting immigration’s introduction are now under the scrutiny of Biden.
After Biden’s first day in the position, Republican Senate minority leader Mitch McConnell of Kentucky also said the current administration has planned “sketched out such a major proposal for blanket amnesty which would gut enforcement of American laws while causing massive new opportunity for customers to rush here illegally at the very same time,”
Officials from Biden have consistently requested the asylum seekers not to move now, emphasizing that the government needs time to introduce its domestic immigration reforms.
At about the same moment, human rights defenders are arguing that leaning to avoid migration in Central America and Mexico threatens the rights of the people to request asylum. They claim that they may even be exposed to more brutality and bullying on their north journeys.
“We’ve shown time after time that sometimes militarised strategies really don’t stop people from leaving,” said Daniella Burgi-Palomino, co-director of the U.S. policy-making Latin America Working Group.
Some 8,000 people entered January’s migrant caravans, including a substantial number of women and girls, shortly before Biden’s opening, with the plan to arrive after his taking office in the US.
The administration of Trump has closed the U.S. southern border and pressured some asylum claimants to stay in Mexico for months. It had already encouraged the governments of Central America and Mexico to counter migrant caravans, primarily by intimidation.
Mexico, for example, sent 20,000 national guards and troops to patrol their borders in 2019 to avoid Trump’s warnings that Mexican exports will be subject to tariffs.
In advance of the January Caravan, Martin Alonso Borrego, director of Latin America and the Caribbean also for Mexico Ministry of International Affairs, told Reuters, Guatemala, Mexico, Honduras and El Salvador, structured a strategic containment policy.
Following a January 11 national conference, Guatemala proclaimed emergency powers in about a third of all its countries and mobilized up to 4,000 militaries, police officers and aviation personnel.
With the opening of Biden approaching, reports that a large migrant community had formed in Honduras led Mexico to raise its military presence along its very own southern border and also to send buses to Guatemala to help the caravan members return.
Mexican forces on the Suchiate River were relieved by the mid-January crackdown. Fear amongst migrants was also influenced.
A migrant from Honduras, Alvarez and her family have spent days in the hills of Guatemala attempting to hit the Mexican border. She stated before Reuters lost contact with her, “We lack money and food.”
The photographer Reuters as well as other observers saw a line of armed forces attacking hundreds of refugees in the conflict of mid-January in Guatemala, beating dozens of them now and using tear gas. Some immigrants are tossing bricks. Immigration officials in Guatemala confirmed unspecified injuries.
Human rights Ombudsman Jordan Rodas of Guatemala said, “it was outrageous to see all the incidents of how the army violently got our Honduran brothers and sisters.”
Immigration analysts and people acquainted with Biden’s thinking suggest that Washington should attempt to track more in-depth the conduct of border containment operations by Central American and Mexican officials.
The supporters of expanded U.S. border enforcement claim that reverse pressure on the Trump age will be an error.
Jessica Vaughan, Center for Immigration Studies Political Director who supports lower immigration requirements, said that “it is not apparent how well Mexico and Guatemala will block these countries and especially when they are larger, and particularly if they’re not under stress to do this by Biden.